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The Dangers and Health Risks of Being Overweight

19 March, 2020
Being overweight is having more body fat than is optimally healthy. It isn’t just inconvenient, it can be extremely dangerous.
Over 1.9 billion people worldwide are overweight and are exposed to one or more of the following: 
1. Heart Disease and Stroke
Being just a bit overweight means there is a much higher risk of high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Both of these conditions make the chance of heart disease and stroke much more likely. Luckily, the risk for these can be greatly reduced by simply losing the extra weight.
2.Type 2 Diabetes
Being overweight and type 2 diabetes often go hand-in-hand.
Managing type 2 diabetes while overweight can be an uphill battle. That is why it is crucial to follow a healthy diet and lifestyle in order to lose weight and balance blood sugar levels. A healthy lifestyle includes sticking to a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, and getting daily exercise.
3. Cancer
Being overweight means that you are at a much higher risk of developing certain cancers, including:
•   Colon cancer
•   Breast cancer (Especially after menopause)
•   Endometrium cancer (Lining of the uterus)
•   Kidney cancer
•   Cancer in the esophagus
•   Gallbladder cancer
•   Ovarian cancer
•   Pancreatic cancer
4. Gallbladder Disease
Apart from gallbladder cancer, being overweight can also lead to gallbladder disease and gallstones. These problems are far more common if you are overweight or obese. Be careful however, because losing weight too quickly can also cause gallstones. It is important to lose weight at a steady, healthy rate. That is why it is much better for you to follow a healthy lifestyle than to go on a quick-fix 2-week diet.
5. Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a common joint condition that most often affects the knee, hip, or back.
The extra weight puts extra pressure on these joints and wears away the cartilage, which is the tissue cushioning the joints, that normally protects them.
6. Gout
Gout is not just caused by drinking too much red wine. Being overweight can also be a big factor.
Gout is a disease that affects the joints. It is caused by too much uric acid in your body. The extra uric acid forms crystals that deposit in the joints, causing the severe pain or discomfort.
7. Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a breathing condition linked to being overweight. This can be dangerous because it happens while you sleep, so you probably don’t even know it happens to you.
It causes heavy snoring and can cause you to stop breathing for short periods during sleep. The only signs you may see of sleep apnea may be daytime sleepiness or constantly feeling tired, unless you sleep next to a partner who has witnessed your snoring and the moments where you stop breathing while you are asleep. Sleep apnea can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.
8. Infertility
Excess weight makes conceiving harder, partly because overweight women ovulate less often than those at a healthy weight.
So it is best to make sure that you are not overweight even before you try to have a baby.
 How can I lose weight and avoid these dangers?
The obvious answer is following a healthy lifestyle. This includes a balanced diet and exercising daily. But you already know all about that… What MORE can you do to lose weight?  
You can talk to a specialist today. 
Endocrinologists and Dieticians are medical specialists available on Wazima's telemedicine platform. Our Specialist
Sign up here for free if you are in Africa or Sign up here if you are in the UK /Europe and begin your consultation.

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